(40:79) Allah it is Who has made cattle for you so that you ride some of
them and from some of them you derive food.
اَللّٰهُ الَّذِىۡ جَعَلَ لَكُمُ الۡاَنۡعَامَ لِتَرۡكَبُوۡا مِنۡهَا وَمِنۡهَا
(40:80) In them there are also other benefits for you, and through them you
fulfil your heartfelt need (to reach places), and you are borne along upon them
as upon the ships.
وَلَكُمۡ فِيۡهَا مَنَافِعُ وَ لِتَبۡلُغُوۡا عَلَيۡهَا حَاجَةً فِىۡ صُدُوۡرِكُمۡ
وَعَلَيۡهَا وَعَلَى الۡفُلۡكِ تُحۡمَلُوۡنَؕ
(40:81) Allah shows His Signs to you; then which of Allah's Signs will you
deny?110 وَيُرِيۡكُمۡ اٰيٰتِهٖ ۖ فَاَىَّ اٰيٰتِ اللّٰهِ تُنۡكِرُوۡنَ
(40:82) Did111 they not journey in the land that they may behold
the end of those who had gone before them? They were more numerous and greater
in strength and left behind more splendid traces in the land. Yet their attainments
did not avail them.
اَفَلَمۡ يَسِيۡرُوۡا فِى الۡاَرۡضِ فَيَنۡظُرُوۡا كَيۡفَ كَانَ عَاقِبَةُ الَّذِيۡنَ
مِنۡ قَبۡلِهِمۡؕ كَانُوۡۤا اَكۡثَرَ مِنۡهُمۡ وَاَشَدَّ قُوَّةً وَّ اٰثَارًا فِى
الۡاَرۡضِ فَمَاۤ اَغۡنٰى عَنۡهُمۡ مَّا كَانُوۡا يَكۡسِبُوۡنَ
(40:83) When their Messengers came to them with Clear Signs, they arrogantly
exulted in whatever knowledge they had.112 They were then encompassed
by what they had mocked.
فَلَمَّا جَآءَتۡهُمۡ رُسُلُهُمۡ بِالۡبَيِّنٰتِ فَرِحُوۡا بِمَا عِنۡدَهُمۡ
مِّنَ الۡعِلۡمِ وَحَاقَ بِهِمۡ مَّا كَانُوۡا بِهٖ يَسۡتَهۡزِءُوۡنَ
(40:84) When they saw Our chastisement, they said: “We have come to believe
in Allah, the Only One, and we reject all what we had associated (with Allah
in His Divinity).”
فَلَمَّا رَاَوۡا بَاۡسَنَا قَالُوۡۤا اٰمَنَّا بِاللّٰهِ وَحۡدَهٗ وَكَفَرۡنَا
بِمَا كُنَّا بِهٖ مُشۡرِكِيۡنَ
(40:85) But their believing after they had seen Our chastisement did not
avail them. That has been Allah's Way concerning His servants.113
And the unbelievers courted utter loss, then and there.
فَلَمۡ يَكُ يَنۡفَعُهُمۡ اِيۡمَانُهُمۡ لَمَّا رَاَوۡا بَاۡسَنَا ؕ سُنَّتَ
اللّٰهِ الَّتِىۡ قَدۡ خَلَتۡ فِىۡ عِبَادِهٖۚ وَخَسِرَ هُنَالِكَ الۡكٰفِرُوۡنَ
110. It means this: If you are not demanding a miracle only for the sake of
fun and amusement but want to have the satisfaction whether that to which Muhammad
(peace be upon him) is inviting you (i.e. Tauhid and the Hereafter) is true
or not, then God’s those signs which you are observing and experiencing at all
times, are quite enough. For there remains no need for other signs when there
are these signs to help you understand the truth. This is the third answer to
their demand of the miracles. This answer also has been given at several places
in the Quran and we have given detailed commentary on it. (
(See Surah Al-Anaam, Ayats 37-39);
(Surah Younus, Ayat 101);
(Surah Ar-Raad, Ayats 7- 13);
(Surah Ash-Shuara, Ayats 4-9) and the E.Ns thereof).
The animals which serve man on the earth, especially the cow, ox, buffalo,
sheep, goat, camel and horse, have been created with such nature by the Creator
that they easily become man’s domestic pet servants and he uses them to fulfill
countless of his needs. He rides on them, employs them for carrying loads and
in agriculture, get milk from them which he drinks and also uses it for making
curd, butter, oil, condensed milk, cheese and different sorts of confectioneries;
eats their flesh, uses their fat, and puts to good uses their wool and hair
and skin and intestines and bones, even their blood and dung. Is it not a manifest
proof that the Creator of man has created these animals even before creating
him in view of his countless needs, on a special pattern so that he may use
them to advantage?
The three-fourths of the earth’s surface is under water and only one-fourth
is dry land. In the dry parts also there are small and wide tracts of land which
are separated by water. The spreading of human populations on the dry lands
and the establishment of commercial and other relations between them could not
be possible unless water and oceans and winds were made subject to such laws
as would make navigation possible, and such materials were made available on
the earth, which man could employ for building ships. Is it not an express sign
that there is One God and only One All-Powerful, All-Merciful and All-Wise Lord,
Who has made man and earth and water and oceans and winds and everything on
the earth according to His own special scheme? Rather, if man only considers
from the viewpoint of navigation, how the positions of the stars and regular
movements of the planets are helpful in it, he will have the testimony that
not only of the earth but of the heavens also that the Creator is the same One
Then, consider also this: Can you in your right senses imagine that the All-Wise
God, Who has given His countless things in the control of man and has granted
him all these provisions for his well-being, will be, God forbid, so blind of
the eye and so thoughtless as would never call man to account after giving him
111. This is the conclusion to the discourse. While studying this please also
keep in view( verses 4-5) and( verse 21) of this Surah.
112. That is, they took their philosophy and their science, their law, their
secular sciences and their mythology and theology invented by their religious
guides as the real knowledge, and regarded the Knowledge brought by the Prophets
of Allah as worthless and therefore paid no heed to it.
113. “Allah’s established way”: the Law that repentance and faith are beneficial
only till the time man is not seized by the torment of Allah or death. Believing
or repenting after the torment has arrived or the signs of death have appeared,
is not acceptable to Allah.