لِأُوْلِى ٱلْأَلْبَـٰبِfor those of understanding.
(39:10) Tell them (O Prophet): “O you servants of Mine who believe, have
fear of your Lord.29 A good end awaits those who did good in this
world.30 Allah's earth is spacious.31 Verily those who
persevere shall be granted their reward beyond all reckoning.”32 قُلۡ يٰعِبَادِ الَّذِيۡنَ اٰمَنُوا اتَّقُوۡا رَبَّكُمۡ ؕ لِلَّذِيۡنَ اَحۡسَنُوۡا
فِىۡ هٰذِهِ الدُّنۡيَا حَسَنَةٌ ؕ وَاَرۡضُ اللّٰهِ وَاسِعَةٌ ؕ اِنَّمَا يُوَفَّى
الصّٰبِرُوۡنَ اَجۡرَهُمۡ بِغَيۡرِ حِسَابٍ
(39:11) Tell them, (O Prophet): “I am bidden to serve Allah, consecrating
my devotion to Him,
قُلۡ اِنِّىۡۤ اُمِرۡتُ اَنۡ اَعۡبُدَ اللّٰهَ مُخۡلِصًا لَّهُ الدِّيۡنَۙ
(39:12) and I am bidden to be the first of those who surrender to Him.”33 وَاُمِرۡتُ لِاَنۡ اَكُوۡنَ اَوَّلَ الۡمُسۡلِمِيۡنَ
(39:13) Say: “If I disobey my Lord, I fear the chastisement of an Awesome
قُلۡ اِنِّىۡۤ اَخَافُ اِنۡ عَصَيۡتُ رَبِّىۡ عَذَابَ يَوۡمٍ عَظِيۡمٍ
(39:14) Say: “Allah alone shall I serve, consecrating my devotion to Him.
قُلِ اللّٰهَ اَعۡبُدُ مُخۡلِصًا لَّهٗ دِيۡنِىۙ
(39:15) So serve, apart from Him, whomsoever you please.” Say: “Behold, the
real losers shall be those who will have lost their own selves and their kith
and kin on the Day of Resurrection. Behold, that is the obvious loss.34 فَاعۡبُدُوۡا مَا شِئۡتُمۡ مِّنۡ دُوۡنِهٖ ؕ قُلۡ اِنَّ الۡخٰسِرِيۡنَ الَّذِيۡنَ
خَسِرُوۡۤا اَنۡـفُسَهُمۡ وَ اَهۡلِيۡهِمۡ يَوۡمَ الۡقِيٰمَةِ ؕ اَلَا ذٰ لِكَ هُوَ
(39:16) There shall be sheets of fire above them and beneath them. This is
the end against which Allah warns His servants. So dread My wrath, O you servants
لَهُمۡ مِّنۡ فَوۡقِهِمۡ ظُلَلٌ مِّنَ النَّارِ وَمِنۡ تَحۡتِهِمۡ ظُلَلٌ ؕ
ذٰ لِكَ يُخَوِّفُ اللّٰهُ بِهٖ عِبَادَهٗ ؕ يٰعِبَادِ فَاتَّقُوۡنِ
(39:17) (On the other hand), good tidings await those who eschew serving
false gods35 and penitently return to Allah. (O Prophet), give good
tidings to My servants,
وَالَّذِيۡنَ اجۡتَنَـبُـوا الطَّاغُوۡتَ اَنۡ يَّعۡبُدُوۡهَا وَاَنَابُوۡۤا
اِلَى اللّٰهِ لَهُمُ الۡبُشۡرٰى ۚ فَبَشِّرۡ عِبَادِ ۙ
(39:18) to those who pay heed to what is said and follow the best of it.36
They are the ones whom Allah has guided to the Right Way; they are the ones
endowed with understanding.
الَّذِيۡنَ يَسۡتَمِعُوۡنَ الۡقَوۡلَ فَيَتَّبِعُوۡنَ اَحۡسَنَهٗ ؕ اُولٰٓٮِٕكَ
الَّذِيۡنَ هَدٰٮهُمُ اللّٰهُ وَاُولٰٓٮِٕكَ هُمۡ اُولُوا الۡاَلۡبَابِ
(39:19) (O Prophet), can you save him (from chastisement) against whom the
sentence of chastisement has become due;37 him who has, (as it were),
already fallen into the Fire?”
اَفَمَنۡ حَقَّ عَلَيۡهِ كَلِمَةُ الۡعَذَابِ ؕ اَفَاَنۡتَ تُنۡقِذُ مَنۡ فِى
(39:20) But those who fear their Lord shall have lofty mansions built over
one another beneath which rivers flow. This is Allah's promise and never does
Allah fail to fulfil His promise.
لٰـكِنِ الَّذِيۡنَ اتَّقَوۡا رَبَّهُمۡ لَهُمۡ غُرَفٌ مِّنۡ فَوۡقِهَا غُرَفٌ
مَّبۡنِيَّةٌ ۙ تَجۡرِىۡ مِنۡ تَحۡتِهَا الۡاَنۡهٰرُ ؕوَعۡدَ اللّٰهِ ؕ لَا يُخۡلِفُ
(39:21) Do you not see that Allah sent down water from the sky, then made
it flow on earth as springs and streams and rivers38 and then with
it He brings forth vegetation of various hues; then this vegetation ripens and
dries up, turning yellow, whereafter He reduces it to broken straw? Surely there
is a lesson in this for those endowed with understanding.39 اَلَمۡ تَرَ اَنَّ اللّٰهَ اَنۡزَلَ مِنَ السَّمَآءِ مَآءً فَسَلَـكَهٗ يَنَابِيۡعَ
فِى الۡاَرۡضِ ثُمَّ يُخۡرِجُ بِهٖ زَرۡعًا مُّخۡتَلِفًا اَ لۡوَانُهٗ ثُمَّ يَهِيۡجُ
فَتَـرٰٮهُ مُصۡفَرًّا ثُمَّ يَجۡعَلُهٗ حُطَامًا ؕ اِنَّ فِىۡ ذٰ لِكَ لَذِكۡرٰى
29. That is, do not rest content with belief but follow it up with piety and
fear of God. Act according to what Allah has enjoined and avoid what He has
forbidden and live in the world fearing His accountability.
30. Good and well-being both of this world and of the Hereafter.
31. That is, if one city, territory or land has become difficult for the worshipers
of Allah, they may emigrate to another place where they may not have to face
any such hardship.
32. Those who brave all kinds of hardships and persecutions in following the
way of God-worship and piety but do not abandon the way of the truth. This also
includes those people who emigrate to other countries and experience hardships
in the foreign land for the sake of religion and faith, and those also who continue
to face every kind of temptation and calamity firmly and patiently in the land
where they are being persecuted.
33. That is, my mission is not only to exhort others but also to practice
what I preach to myself. First, I follow the way which I call others to follow.
34. Bankruptcy is loss of a person’s capital and failure of his business so
that he is unable to pay his debts in full. This same metaphor Allah has used
here for the disbelievers and polytheists, The sum total of whatever man has
gotten in this worldly life, his intellect, body, powers, capabilities, means
and opportunities is, in fact, the capital which he invests in the business
of the worldly life. If a person invested all this capital on the hypothesis
that there is no God, or that there are many gods, whose servant he is, and
that he is not accountable to anyone, or that someone else will rescue him on
Judgment Day, it would mean that he made a losing bargain and lost all his capital.
This is his first loss. His second loss is that in everything that he did, on
the basis of the wrong hypothesis, he went on wronging himself and many other
men, and the coming generations and many other creatures of Allah, throughout
his life. Thus, he got into countless debts, but has no money with which he
may fully pay his debts. Over and above this, he has not only himself incurred
this loss, but has caused the same loss to his children and near and dear ones
and friends and fellow countrymen by his wrong education and training and wrong
example. It is these three losses together which Allah has called khusran-i-mubin
(utter bankruptcy) in this verse.
35. Taghut is from tughyan and means rebellion. If someone is called taghut
(rebellion) instead of taghi (rebel), it would mean that he is a rebel incarnate.
For example, if a person is called husn (beauty) instead of hasin (beautiful),
it would mean that he has reached perfection in beauty. The deities other than
Allah have been called taghut because it is rebellion to worship others besides
Allah, but the one who has others worship him, is a rebel of the worst kind.
(For further explanation, see
(Surah Al-Baqarah, Ayat 256),
(Surah An-Nisa, Ayats 60, 76),
(Surah An-Naml, Ayat 36) and the E.Ns thereof).
36. This verse can have two meanings:
(1) That they do not follow every voice but ponder over what every man says
and accept only what is right and true.
(2) That they do not try to give a false meaning to what they hear but adopt
its good and righteous aspects.
37. That is, the person who has made himself worthy of Allah’s punishment
and about whom Allah has already decided that he will be punished.
38. The word yanaabi in the text is comprehensive and applies to all the three
sources of water.
39. That is, a man of understanding learns this lesson from it that the life
of this world and its adornments are all transitory. The end of every spring
is autumn. The fate of every youth is weakness and death. And every rise has
a fall. Therefore, this world is not something of which one should be charmed
and enamored so as to forget God and the Hereafter and should conduct himself
here in a manner as to ruin his Hereafter, only for the sake of enjoying the
short lived pleasures of this world. Then a man of understanding also learns
this lesson from these phenomena that the spring and autumn of this world are
only under Allah’s control. Allah allows to grow and prosper whomsoever He wills
and ruins and lays waste whomsoever He wills. Neither it is in anybody’s power
to stop the growth of someone whom Allah wills to grow, nor has anyone the power
to save him from destruction whom Allah wills to destroy.