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Towards Understanding the Quran
With kind permission: Islamic Foundation UK
Introduction to Tafheem | Glossary | Verbs
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 Surah Sad 38:65-72 [5/5]
  
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Verse Summary -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
قُلْSay,
إِنَّمَآ`Only
أَنَا۟I am
مُنذِرٌ‌ۖa warner,
وَمَاand not
مِنْ(is there) any
إِلَـٰهٍgod
إِلَّاexcept
ٱللَّهُAllah,
ٱلْوَٲحِدُthe One
ٱلْقَهَّارُthe Irresistible,
﴿٦٥﴾
رَبُّLord
ٱلسَّمَـٰوَٲتِ(of) the heavens
وَٱلْأَرْضِand the earth
وَمَاand whatever
بَيْنَهُمَا(is) between them,
ٱلْعَزِيزُthe All-Mighty,
ٱلْغَفَّـٰرُthe Oft-Forgiving.
﴿٦٦﴾
قُلْSay,
هُوَ`It (is)
نَبَؤٌاْa news
عَظِيمٌgreat,
﴿٦٧﴾
أَنتُمْYou
عَنْهُfrom it
مُعْرِضُونَturn away
﴿٦٨﴾
مَاNot
كَانَis
لِىَfor me
مِنْany
عِلْمِۭknowledge
بِٱلْمَلَإِ(of) the chiefs,
ٱلْأَعْلَىٰٓthe exalted
إِذْwhen
يَخْتَصِمُونَthey were disputing.
﴿٦٩﴾
إِنNot
يُوحَىٰٓhas been revealed
إِلَىَّto me
إِلَّآexcept
أَنَّمَآthat only
أَنَا۟I am
نَذِيرٌa warner
مُّبِينٌclear.`
﴿٧٠﴾
إِذْWhen
قَالَsaid
رَبُّكَyour Lord
لِلْمَلَـٰٓئِكَةِto the Angels,
إِنِّى`Indeed, I Am
خَـٰلِقُۢgoing to create
بَشَرًاa human being
مِّنfrom
طِينٍclay.
﴿٧١﴾
فَإِذَاSo when
سَوَّيْتُهُۥI have proportioned him
وَنَفَخْتُand breathed
فِيهِinto him
مِنof
رُّوحِىMy spirit,
فَقَعُواْthen fall down
لَهُۥto him
سَـٰجِدِينَprostrating.`
﴿٧٢﴾


قُلۡ اِنَّمَاۤ اَنَا مُنۡذِرٌ ​​ۖ  وَّمَا مِنۡ اِلٰهٍ اِلَّا اللّٰهُ الۡوَاحِدُ الۡقَهَّارُ​ ۚ‏  رَبُّ السَّمٰوٰتِ وَالۡاَرۡضِ وَمَا بَيۡنَهُمَا الۡعَزِيۡزُ الۡغَفَّارُ‏  قُلۡ هُوَ نَبَؤٌا عَظِيۡمٌۙ‏  اَنۡتُمۡ عَنۡهُ مُعۡرِضُوۡنَ‏  مَا كَانَ لِىَ مِنۡ عِلۡمٍۢ بِالۡمَلَاِ الۡاَعۡلٰٓى اِذۡ يَخۡتَصِمُوۡنَ‏   اِنۡ يُّوۡحٰۤى اِلَىَّ اِلَّاۤ اَنَّمَاۤ اَنَا۟ نَذِيۡرٌ مُّبِيۡنٌ‏  اِذۡ قَالَ رَبُّكَ لِلۡمَلٰٓـئِكَةِ اِنِّىۡ خَالِـقٌ ۢ بَشَرًا مِّنۡ طِيۡنٍ‏   فَاِذَا سَوَّيۡتُهٗ وَنَفَخۡتُ فِيۡهِ مِنۡ رُّوۡحِىۡ فَقَعُوۡا لَهٗ سٰجِدِيۡنَ‏  
(38:65) Tell them, (O Prophet):56 “I am nothing but a warner.57 There is no deity but Allah, the One, the Supreme, (38:66) the Lord of the heavens and the earth and all that is in between them, the Most Mighty, the Most Forgiving.” (38:67) Say: “This is a tiding of tremendous import (38:68) from which you are turning away.”58 (38:69) (Tell them): “I had no knowledge of the High Council when they were disputing. (38:70) I am told (about matters) by means of revelation only because I am a clear warner.” (38:71) When your Lord said to the angels:59 “Verily I am creating a human being from clay.60 (38:72) After I have created him and breathed into him of My spirit,61 fall you down, prostrating yourselves to him.”62

56. Now the discourse turns to the same theme with which it began. One should read it with (1-14 verses) in order to understand the meaning fully.

57. In verse 4 it was said: The people wonder that a warner from among themselves has come to them. Here it is being said: Tell them: I am only a warner. That is: I do not command an army that I may forcibly pull you from a wrong way and put you on the right way. If you do not listen to me and do not accept my message, you will only be causing a loss to yourselves. If you like to remain ignorant, you may continue to be heedless, for you will see your end yourselves.

58. This is the answer to what the disbelievers said in verse 5: Has he made just One God in place of all the gods? This is indeed a strange thing. It means: You may frown and scowl as you like, but this is a reality of which I am informing you, and your frowning and scowling cannot change it.

This answer not only contains the statement of the truth, but it also contains the argument for it. The mushriks said: Deities are many of whom one is Allah also. How is it that you have done away with all other deities and kept only One Allah? In answer it was said: The real Deity is One Allah alone, for He is dominant over everything: He is the Owner of the earth and the heavens, and everything in the Universe belongs to Him. Every being other than Him, whom you have set up as other gods in the Universe, is dominated and subdued before Him; therefore, the subservient beings cannot be associates in the Godhead of the Dominant and All-Mighty God. Therefore, there is no ground for which they may be regarded as deities.

59. This is the explanation of the dispute referred to about, and the dispute implies Satan’s dispute with God, as becomes evident from the verses that follow. In this regard, one should bear in mind the fact that “the exalted” implies the angels, and the dialogue between Allah and Satan was not direct but it took place through some angel. Therefore, no one should have the misunderstanding that Allah also was included among the exalted ones. This story has already been narrated at the following places: (Surah Al- Baqarah, Ayats 30-39); (Surah Al-Aaraf, Ayats 11-25); (Surah Al-Hijr, Ayats 26-44); (Surah Bani Israil, Ayats 61-65); (Surah Al-Kahf, Ayat 50); (Surah TaHa, Ayats 116-126).

60. Lexically, bashar means a gross body whose surface is bare and uncovered by anything else. After the creation of man this word has been used for man himself, but mentioning him by the word bashar before his creation and making him from clay clearly means: I am about to make an image of clay, which will be without any feathers and hair, etc. whose skin will not be covered by wool or hair or feathers like the skin of other animals.

61. For explanation, see (Surah Al-Hijr, Ayats 29-30), and (E.N. 16 of Surah As-Sajdah).

62. For explanation, see (Surah Al-Baqarah, Ayats 34); (Surah Al-Aaraf, Ayat 11) and the E.Ns thereof.