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 Surah Ali 'Imran 3:92-101 [10/20]
  
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Verse Summary -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
لَنNever
تَنَالُواْwill you attain
ٱلْبِرَّ[the] righteousness
حَتَّىٰuntil
تُنفِقُواْyou spend
مِمَّاfrom what
تُحِبُّونَ‌ۚyou love.
وَمَاAnd whatever
تُنفِقُواْyou spend
مِنof
شَىْءٍa thing
فَإِنَّthen indeed,
ٱللَّهَAllah
بِهِۦof it
عَلِيمٌ(is) All-Knowing.
﴿٩٢﴾
۞ كُلُّAll
ٱلطَّعَامِ[the] food
كَانَwas
حِلاًّlawful
لِّبَنِىٓ إِسْرَٲٓءِيلَfor (the) Children of Israel
إِلَّاexcept
مَاwhat
حَرَّمَ إِسْرَٲٓءِيلُIsrael made unlawful
عَلَىٰupon
نَفْسِهِۦhimself
مِن[from]
قَبْلِbefore
أَن[that]
تُنَزَّلَ(was) revealed
ٱلتَّوْرَٮٰةُ‌ۗthe Taurat.
قُلْSay,
فَأْتُواْ`So bring
بِٱلتَّوْرَٮٰةِthe Taurat
فَٱتْلُوهَآand recite it
إِنif
كُنتُمْyou are
صَـٰدِقِينَtruthful.`
﴿٩٣﴾
فَمَنِThen whoever
ٱفْتَرَىٰfabricates
عَلَىabout
ٱللَّهِAllah
ٱلْكَذِبَ[the] lie
مِنۢ بَعْدِafter
ذَٲلِكَthat,
فَأُوْلَـٰٓئِكَthen those -
هُمُthey
ٱلظَّـٰلِمُونَ(are) the wrongdoers.
﴿٩٤﴾
قُلْSay,
صَدَقَ ٱللَّهُ‌ۗAllah (has) spoken the truth,
فَٱتَّبِعُواْthen follow
مِلَّةَ(the) religion
إِبْرَٲهِيمَ(of) Ibrahim
حَنِيفًا(the) upright,
وَمَاand not
كَانَhe was
مِنَof
ٱلْمُشْرِكِينَthe polytheists.
﴿٩٥﴾
إِنَّIndeed,
أَوَّلَ(the) first
بَيْتٍHouse
وُضِعَset up
لِلنَّاسِfor the mankind
لَلَّذِى(is) the one which
بِبَكَّةَ(is) at Bakkah,
مُبَارَكًاblessed
وَهُدًىand a guidance
لِّلْعَـٰلَمِينَfor the worlds.
﴿٩٦﴾
فِيهِIn it
ءَايَـٰتُۢ(are) signs
بَيِّنَـٰتٌclear,
مَّقَامُ إِبْرَٲهِيمَ‌ۖstanding place of Ibrahim,
وَمَنand whoever
دَخَلَهُۥenters it -
كَانَis
ءَامِنًا‌ۗsafe.
وَلِلَّهِAnd (due) to Allah
عَلَىupon
ٱلنَّاسِthe mankind
حِجُّ(is) pilgrimage
ٱلْبَيْتِ(of) the House
مَنِ(for one) who
ٱسْتَطَاعَis able
إِلَيْهِto [it]
سَبِيلاً‌ۚ(find) a way.
وَمَنAnd whoever
كَفَرَdisbelieved
فَإِنَّthen indeed,
ٱللَّهَAllah
غَنِىٌّ(is) free from need
عَنِof
ٱلْعَـٰلَمِينَthe worlds.
﴿٩٧﴾
قُلْSay,
يَـٰٓأَهْلَ ٱلْكِتَـٰبِ`O People of the Book!
لِمَWhy
تَكْفُرُونَ(do) you disbelieve
بِـَٔـايَـٰتِin (the) Verses
ٱللَّهِ(of) Allah,
وَٱللَّهُwhile Allah
شَهِيدٌ(is) a Witness
عَلَىٰover
مَاwhat
تَعْمَلُونَyou do?`
﴿٩٨﴾
قُلْSay,
يَـٰٓأَهْلَ`O People
ٱلْكِتَـٰبِ(of) the Book!
لِمَWhy
تَصُدُّونَ(do) you hinder
عَنfrom
سَبِيلِ(the) way
ٱللَّهِ(of) Allah
مَنْ(those) who
ءَامَنَbelieve[d],
تَبْغُونَهَاseeking (to make) it
عِوَجًا(seem) crooked
وَأَنتُمْwhile you
شُهَدَآءُ‌ۗ(are) witnesses?
وَمَا ٱللَّهُAnd Allah (is) not
بِغَـٰفِلٍunaware
عَمَّاof what
تَعْمَلُونَyou do.
﴿٩٩﴾
يَـٰٓأَيُّهَاO you
ٱلَّذِينَwho
ءَامَنُوٓاْbelieve[d]!
إِنIf
تُطِيعُواْyou obey
فَرِيقًاa group
مِّنَfrom
ٱلَّذِينَthose who
أُوتُواْwere given
ٱلْكِتَـٰبَthe Book
يَرُدُّوكُمthey will turn you back
بَعْدَafter
إِيمَـٰنِكُمْyour belief
كَـٰفِرِينَ(as) disbelievers.
﴿١٠٠﴾
وَكَيْفَAnd how (could)
تَكْفُرُونَyou disbelieve
وَأَنتُمْwhile [you]
تُتْلَىٰis recited
عَلَيْكُمْupon you
ءَايَـٰتُ(the) Verses
ٱللَّهِ(of) Allah
وَفِيكُمْand among you
رَسُولُهُۥ‌ۗ(is) His Messenger?
وَمَنAnd whoever
يَعْتَصِمholds firmly
بِٱللَّهِto Allah,
فَقَدْthen surely
هُدِىَhe is guided
إِلَىٰto
صِرَٲطٍ مُّسْتَقِيمٍa straight path.
﴿١٠١﴾


لَنۡ تَنَالُوا الۡبِرَّ حَتّٰى تُنۡفِقُوۡا مِمَّا تُحِبُّوۡنَ ؕ  وَمَا تُنۡفِقُوۡا مِنۡ شَىۡءٍ فَاِنَّ اللّٰهَ بِهٖ عَلِيۡمٌ‏  كُلُّ الطَّعَامِ كَانَ حِلًّا لِّبَنِىۡۤ اِسۡرَآءِيۡلَ اِلَّا مَا حَرَّمَ اِسۡرَآءِيۡلُ عَلٰى نَفۡسِهٖ مِنۡ قَبۡلِ اَنۡ تُنَزَّلَ التَّوۡرٰٮةُ ​ؕ قُلۡ فَاۡتُوۡا بِالتَّوۡرٰٮةِ فَاتۡلُوۡهَاۤ اِنۡ كُنۡتُمۡ صٰدِقِيۡنَ‏  فَمَنِ افۡتَرٰى عَلَى اللّٰهِ الۡكَذِبَ مِنۡۢ بَعۡدِ ذٰ لِكَ فَاُولٰٓـئِكَ هُمُ الظّٰلِمُوۡنَ‏  قُلۡ صَدَقَ اللّٰهُ​ فَاتَّبِعُوۡا مِلَّةَ اِبۡرٰهِيۡمَ حَنِيۡفًا ؕ وَمَا كَانَ مِنَ الۡمُشۡرِكِيۡنَ‏  اِنَّ اَوَّلَ بَيۡتٍ وُّضِعَ لِلنَّاسِ لَـلَّذِىۡ بِبَكَّةَ مُبٰرَكًا وَّهُدًى لِّلۡعٰلَمِيۡنَ​​ۚ‏  فِيۡهِ اٰيٰتٌ ۢ بَيِّنٰتٌ مَّقَامُ اِبۡرٰهِيۡمَۚ  وَمَنۡ دَخَلَهٗ كَانَ اٰمِنًا ​ؕ وَلِلّٰهِ عَلَى النَّاسِ حِجُّ الۡبَيۡتِ مَنِ اسۡتَطَاعَ اِلَيۡهِ سَبِيۡلًا ​ؕ وَمَنۡ كَفَرَ فَاِنَّ اللّٰهَ غَنِىٌّ عَنِ الۡعٰلَمِيۡنَ‏  قُلۡ يٰۤـاَهۡلَ الۡكِتٰبِ لِمَ تَكۡفُرُوۡنَ بِاٰيٰتِ اللّٰهِ ۖ وَاللّٰهُ شَهِيۡدٌ عَلٰى مَا تَعۡمَلُوۡنَ‏  قُلۡ يٰۤـاَهۡلَ الۡكِتٰبِ لِمَ تَصُدُّوۡنَ عَنۡ سَبِيۡلِ اللّٰهِ مَنۡ اٰمَنَ تَبۡغُوۡنَهَا عِوَجًا وَّاَنۡتُمۡ شُهَدَآءُ ​ؕ وَمَا اللّٰهُ بِغَافِلٍ عَمَّا تَعۡمَلُوۡنَ‏   يٰۤـاَيُّهَا الَّذِيۡنَ اٰمَنُوۡۤا اِنۡ تُطِيۡعُوۡا فَرِيۡقًا مِّنَ الَّذِيۡنَ اُوۡتُوا الۡكِتٰبَ يَرُدُّوۡكُمۡ بَعۡدَ اِيۡمَانِكُمۡ كٰفِرِيۡنَ‏  وَكَيۡفَ تَكۡفُرُوۡنَ وَاَنۡـتُمۡ تُتۡلٰى عَلَيۡكُمۡ اٰيٰتُ اللّٰهِ وَفِيۡكُمۡ رَسُوۡلُهٗ ​ؕ وَمَنۡ يَّعۡتَصِمۡ بِاللّٰهِ فَقَدۡ هُدِىَ اِلٰى صِرَاطٍ مُّسۡتَقِيۡمٍ‏  
(3:92) You shall not attain righteousness until you spend out of what you love (in the way of Allah).75 Allah knows whatever you spend. (3:93) All food (that is lawful in the Law revealed to Muhammad) was lawful to the Children of Israel,76 except what Israel77 made unlawful to themselves before the revelation of the Torah. Tell them: 'Bring the Torah and recite any passage of it if you are truthful.' (3:94) Those who falsely fix lies upon Allah despite this are the wrong-doers. (3:95) Say: 'Whatever Allah has said is true. Follow, then, the way of Abraham in total devotion to Allah. He was not one of those who associate others with Allah in His divinity.78 (3:96) Behold, the first House (of Prayer) established for mankind is the one at Bakkah: it is full of blessing and a centre of guidance for the whole world.79 (3:97) In it there are clear signs and the station of Abraham;80 whoever enters it becomes secure.81 Pilgrimage to the House is a duty owed to Allah by all who can make their way to it. As for those who refuse to follow His command, surely Allah does not stand in need of anything. (3:98) Say: 'People of the Book! Why do you reject the signs of Allah when Allah is witness to all that you do?' (3:99) Say: 'People of the Book! Why do you hinder one who believes from the way of Allah, seeking that he follow a crooked way, even though you yourselves are witness to its being the right way?' Allah is not heedless of what you do. (3:100) Believers! Were you to obey a party of those who were given the Book, they might cause you to renounce the Truth after you have attained to faith. (3:101) How can you disbelieve when you are the ones to whom the signs of Allah are recited and amidst you is His Messenger? Whoever holds fast to Allah will certainly be guided to the straight way.

75. The purpose of this verse is to remove the misconception of the Jews concerning 'righteousness'. The Jews had inherited an elaborate legal code which had accumulated as a result of the casuistry and hair-splitting legalism of their jurists. Their notion of 'righteousness' consisted of outward, formal conformity to that code and they evaluated all day-to-day actions, especially the trivial ones, in terms of conformity to that code. Narrow-mindedness, greed, covetousness, meanness, concealment of the Truth and readiness to barter with it lay beneath this veneer of formal piety. They were, nevertheless, considered pious in the minds of the people; Jewish public opinion condoned their conduct because it conformed to its concept of 'righteousness'.

In order to remove this misconception they are told that the things they considered fundamental to righteous conduct are of little consequence. The real spirit of righteousness consists in the love of God - a love which makes man value the good pleasure of God above all worldly acquisitions. If the love of anything seizes a man's mind to such an extent that he is unable to sacrifice it for the sake of the love of God, then that thing has virtually become an idol, and until he smashes it the door to righteousness will remain closed to him. If a man lacks this spirit, then his excessively formal and legalistic approach in religious matters can be considered no more than glossy paint over a piece of hollow, worm-eaten wood. It may be possible to deceive human beings by the sheer lustre of the outer paint, but not God.

76. When the Jewish rabbis found no grounds for criticizing the fundamental teachings of the Prophet (there was no difference between the teachings of the previous Prophets and that of the Arabian Prophet on matters which constitute the core of religion), they raised objections about the details of religious law. The first objection was that the Prophet (peace be on him) had declared lawful a number of things which had been reckoned as unlawful since the time of the ancient Prophets. What is said here is a refutation of that objection.

77. If 'Israel' is taken to mean the 'Children of Israel' then the interpretation of this verse must be that before the revelation of the Torah they treated a number of things as prohibited on the grounds of custom and usage alone. If, however, 'Israel' signifies Jacob (Ya'qub) then, the meaning is that he avoided the use of certain foods, which his descendants wrongly understood to be religiously prohibited, as a result of either a temperamental dislike or an ailment. This latter version is more commonly accepted. It becomes clear from the next verse that the Biblical injunction regarding the prohibition of the flesh of camels and rabbits was not part of the original Torah but an interpolation by Jewish doctors. (For a detailed discussion see ( Surah 6, n. 122 below.)

78. The Jews had enmeshed themselves in legalistic minutiae and these had become their major concern. They had abandoned service to the One True God and had allowed their religious life to become corrupted by polytheism. Instead of attending to the fundamentals of religion they indulged in discussions about questions that had only arisen because of the hair-splitting legalism of their scholars during their centuries of decadence.

79. The second objection raised by the Jews was that the direction for Prayer had been changed from Jerusalem to the Ka'bah. This objection is answered in (Surah 2 (see verses 142 ff. and nn. 142 and 147 above) The Bible, itself, testifies that Jerusalem was built by Solomon more than four and a half centuries after Moses (see 1 Kings 6: 1), and that it was during his time that the worshippers of the One God began to pray towards it (1 Kings 8: 29-30). It is established by traditions from numerous sources which are undisputed throughout Arabia, however, that the Ka'bah was constructed by Abraham who lived some eight or nine centuries before Moses. That the Ka'bah was older than the Temple of Jerusalem was beyond dispute.

80. Here it is stressed that there are several clear signs which prove that the Makkan sanctuary enjoys God's blessing and has been chosen by Him as His sanctuary. Even though it is located in the middle of wide expanses of desert God has seen to it that its inhabitants enjoy a satisfactory living. Although the rest of Arabia was plunged into chaos and disorder for about two and a half thousand years, peace and tranquillity reigned in both the precincts and the environs of the Ka'bah. Thanks to the Ka'bah the entire Arabian peninsula enjoyed four months of peace and order every year. These were the sacred months when people went on Pilgrimage. Moreover, barely a half century before the revelation of these verses, people had seen how Abrahah, the Abyssinian invader, fell prey to God's scourge when he attacked Makka with the intention of destroying the Ka'bah. At that time, this incident was known to everybody in Arabia. Its memory was fresh and many eye-witnesses were still alive at the time of the Prophet (peace be on him).

81. Even during the pre-Islamic era - the Age of Ignorance in Arabia - this sanctuary enjoyed such veneration that even those who thirsted for each other's blood saw their enemies in the sacred territory but dare not attack them.