(25:21) Those who do not look forward to meet Us say:33 "Why should
angels not be sent to us, or why do we ourselves not observe our Lord?"34
Surely they are too proud of themselves35 and have gone beyond all
limits in their rebellion.
وَقَالَ الَّذِيۡنَ لَا يَرۡجُوۡنَ لِقَآءَنَا لَوۡلَاۤ اُنۡزِلَ عَلَيۡنَا
الۡمَلٰٓٮِٕكَةُ اَوۡ نَرٰى رَبَّنَا ؕ لَـقَدِ اسۡتَكۡبَرُوۡا فِىۡۤ اَنۡفُسِهِمۡ
وَعَتَوۡ عُتُوًّا كَبِيۡرًا
(25:22) On that Day - the Day when they will behold angels - there will be
no good news for those immersed in evil,36 and they will cry out:
"We seek refuge (in Allah)."
يَوۡمَ يَرَوۡنَ الۡمَلٰٓٮِٕكَةَ لَا بُشۡرٰى يَوۡمَٮِٕذٍ لِّـلۡمُجۡرِمِيۡنَ
وَ يَقُوۡلُوۡنَ حِجۡرًا مَّحۡجُوۡرًا
(25:23) And We shall turn to their deeds and shall reduce them to scattered
dust.37 وَقَدِمۡنَاۤ اِلٰى مَا عَمِلُوۡا مِنۡ عَمَلٍ فَجَعَلۡنٰهُ هَبَآءً مَّنۡثُوۡرًا
(25:24) On that Day it is the inmates of Paradise that will be graced with
a better abode and a fairer resting place.38 اَصۡحٰبُ الۡجَنَّةِ يَوۡمَٮِٕذٍ خَيۡرٌ مُّسۡتَقَرًّا وَّاَحۡسَنُ مَقِيۡلًا
(25:25) On that Day the sky shall be rent asunder by a cloud and a whole
cavalcade of angels will be made to descend.
وَيَوۡمَ تَشَقَّقُ السَّمَآءُ بِالۡـغَمَامِ وَنُزِّلَ الۡمَلٰٓٮِٕكَةُ تَنۡزِيۡلًا
(25:26) On that Day the true kingdom will belong only to the Merciful Lord.39
That will be a hard day for those that deny the Truth;
اَلۡمُلۡكُ يَوۡمَٮِٕذِ اۨلۡحَـقُّ لِلرَّحۡمٰنِؕ وَكَانَ يَوۡمًا عَلَى الۡكٰفِرِيۡنَ
(25:27) a Day when the wrong-doer will bite his hands, saying: "Would that
I had stood by the Messenger!
وَيَوۡمَ يَعَضُّ الظَّالِمُ عَلٰى يَدَيۡهِ يَقُوۡلُ يٰلَيۡتَنِى اتَّخَذۡتُ
مَعَ الرَّسُوۡلِ سَبِيۡلًا
(25:28) Woe is me! Would that I had not taken such a one for a friend!
يٰوَيۡلَتٰى لَيۡتَنِىۡ لَمۡ اَتَّخِذۡ فُلَانًا خَلِيۡلًا
(25:29) He led me astray from the Admonition that had come to me. Satan proved
to be a great betrayer of man."40 لَقَدۡ اَضَلَّنِىۡ عَنِ الذِّكۡرِ بَعۡدَ اِذۡ جَآءَنِىۡ ؕ وَكَانَ الشَّيۡطٰنُ
(25:30) And the Messenger will say: "My Lord! My own people had made this
Qur'an an object of laughter."41 وَقَالَ الرَّسُوۡلُ يٰرَبِّ اِنَّ قَوۡمِى اتَّخَذُوۡا هٰذَا الۡقُرۡاٰنَ مَهۡجُوۡرًا
(25:31) (O Muhammad), thus did We make for every Prophet enemies42
from among those immersed in evil. Your Lord suffices you as a Guide and a Helper.43 وَكَذٰلِكَ جَعَلۡنَا لِكُلِّ نَبِىٍّ عَدُوًّا مِّنَ الۡمُجۡرِمِيۡنَؕ وَكَفٰى
بِرَبِّكَ هَادِيًا وَّنَصِيۡرًا
(25:32) Those who disbelieve say: "Why was the Qur'an not revealed to him
all at once?"44 It was revealed thus that We may fully impress it
on your mind;45 (and for the same end) We have revealed it gradually
(according to a scheme) in fragments.
وَقَالَ الَّذِيۡنَ كَفَرُوۡا لَوۡلَا نُزِّلَ عَلَيۡهِ الۡـقُرۡاٰنُ جُمۡلَةً
وَّاحِدَةً ۛۚ كَذٰلِكَ ۛۚ لِنُثَبِّتَ بِهٖ فُـؤَادَكَ وَرَتَّلۡنٰهُ تَرۡتِيۡلًا
(25:33) (This was also done so that) whenever they put any strange question
to you, We sent its right answer and explained the matter in the best manner.46
وَلَا يَاۡتُوۡنَكَ بِمَثَلٍ اِلَّا جِئۡنٰكَ بِالۡحَـقِّ وَاَحۡسَنَ تَفۡسِيۡرًا
(25:34) Those who shall be mustered in the Hell upon their faces, their stand
is the worst and their way most erroneous.47 اَلَّذِيۡنَ يُحۡشَرُوۡنَ عَلٰى وُجُوۡهِهِمۡ اِلٰى جَهَـنَّمَۙ اُولٰٓٮِٕكَ
شَرٌّ مَّكَانًا وَّاَضَلُّ سَبِيۡلًا
33. That is, if Allah had really intended to convey His message to us, He
would not have chosen a prophet and sent an angel only to him, but to each one
of us individually with the guidance, or He should have sent a deputation of
angels to appear before the people with the message. The same objection has
been stated in Surah Al-Anaam thus: When a revelation comes before them, they
say: We will not believe in it unless we are given the like of what has been
given to the Messengers of Allah. Allah knows best whom to entrust with His
mission and how it should be enforced. (verse 124).
34. That is, Allah Himself should appear before us and make the appeal.
35. Another translation could be: They have formed a very high opinion of
their own selves.
38. In contrast to the miserable plight of the disbelievers on the Day of
Resurrection, the believers will be protected from the hardships of that Day.
They will be treated with honor and will have a blissful place for midday rest.
According to a tradition, the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: I declare on
oath by Allah, in Whose hand is my life, that the long, horrible Day of Resurrection
will be made very short and light for a believer, as short and light as the
time taken in offering an obligatory Prayer. (Musnad Ahmad).
39. That is, on that Day all other kingdoms, which deluded man in the world,
will come to an end, and there will be only the Kingdom of Allah, Who is the
real Sovereign of the universe. In
(Surah Momin, Ayat 16), the same thing has
been stated thus: On that Day when all the people will stand exposed, and nothing
of them will be hidden from Allah, it will be asked: Whose is the Sovereignty
today? The response from every side will be: Of Allah, the Almighty. According
to a tradition, the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: Allah will take the heavens
in one hand and the earth in the other, and will declare: I am the Sovereign:
I am the Ruler. Where are the other rulers of the earth? Where are those tyrants?
Where are the arrogant people? (Musnad Ahmad, Bukhari, Muslim, and Abu Daud,
with slight variations).
40. Satan has proved very treacherous to man. It may also be a part of the
disbelievers’ lament, or it may be a remark by Allah, in which case the meaning
will be: And Satan is indeed the one who always deceives man.
41. The Arabic word mahjur is capable of several meanings. As such, the sentence
may mean: these people did not regard the Quran as worthy of their consideration:
they neither accepted it nor followed it. Or they considered it to be nonsense
or the delirium of insanity. Or they made it the target of their ridicule and
42. That is, it is not a new thing that the disbelievers have become your
enemies, for it has always been so with all the former Prophets and Messengers.
(Surah Al- Anaam, Ayats 112-113). This is inevitable because it is
Our Law that the criminals will always oppose the truth. You should, therefore,
pursue your mission with full confidence and determination without expecting
any immediate results.
43. Guidance does not only imply bestowing of the knowledge of the truth,
but it also means giving the right guidance at the right time to guide the Islamic
movement on the right lines and to defeat the strategy and scheme of the enemies
of Islam. Help means all kinds of moral, spiritual and material help to the
followers of the truth in their conflict against falsehood. Thus, Allah is All
Sufficient for the righteous people and they need no other support provided
they have full faith in Allah and fight falsehood with all their energies and
This meant to encourage the Prophet (peace be upon him), otherwise the previous
assertion would have been very discouraging without this. It meant to say: Even
if the unbelievers have become your enemies, you should continue your mission,
for We shall guide you in every stage and situation and help you against them.
We shall defeat all the schemes of your enemies and help you in every way in
your conflict with falsehood. We shall provide you with material means also,
but you should trust in Us and exert your utmost against falsehood.
44. As the disbelievers of Makkah considered this objection to be very strong,
they repeated it over and over again. The Quran also has cited it with its answer
at several places. For instance, see
(E.Ns 101-106 of Surah An-Naml) and
(E.N. 119 of Surah Bani Israil). Their question implied: Had the Quran been really
the Word of Allah, it would have been sent as a complete book all at once; for
Allah has the knowledge of everything and every human affair. Thus it is obvious
that nothing is being sent down from above; but this man himself fabricates
all its themes or gets these from other people or other books.
45. So that by it We may strengthen your heart and imbue it with courage.
The words are comprehensive. This concise sentence contains the following explanation
why the Quran was revealed piecemeal by degrees:
(1) So that the Prophet (peace be upon him) may commit it to memory perfectly
and recite it to his people, who are illiterate, rather than present it in a
(2) So that its teachings and messages may be impressed deeply on the minds.
(3) So that the way of life it teaches, may be followed with complete conviction,
which would not be possible if all the commandments and the whole system of
life had been sent down all at once.
(4) So that the hearts of the Prophet and his followers may be imbued with
courage during the conflict between the truth and falsehood. This required that
the divine guidance and messages of encouragement should be revealed as and
when needed according to the practical situation. Obviously, this could not
have been possible if these had been sent down all at once. This also showed
that Allah had not left His Messenger alone amidst persecution to counter all
sorts of resistance and opposition after appointing him to the mission, but
He Himself was watching the struggle with concern and guiding His Prophet through
every difficulty by direct communion in every critical situation.
46. This is yet another point of wisdom of sending down the Quran by degrees.
Allah did not intend to produce a book on guidance and spread its teachings
through the agency of His Prophet (peace be upon him). Had it been so the disbelievers
would have been justified in their objection as to why the Quran had not been
sent down as a complete book all at once. The real object of the revelation
of the Quran was that Allah intended to start a movement of faith, piety and
righteousness to combat disbelief, ignorance and sin, and He had raised a Prophet
to lead and guide the movement. Then, on the one hand, Allah had taken it upon
Himself to send necessary instructions and guidance to the leader and his followers
as and when needed, and on the other, He had also taken the responsibility to
answer the objections and remove the doubts of opponents and give the right
interpretation of things which they misunderstood. Thus the Quran was the collection
of the different discourses that were being revealed by Allah; it was not merely
meant to be a code of laws or of moral principles, but a Book, which was being
sent down piecemeal to guide the movement in all its stages to suit its requirements
on different occasions.
47. That is, they will be driven towards Hell upon their faces because of
their perversion and their perverted thinking.