Islamicstudies.info
Tafheem.net | About |
Zoom Page: Ctrl+, Ctrl-, Ctrl0
Help | FontUpdated | Contact us
Towards Understanding the Quran
With kind permission: Islamic Foundation UK
Introduction to Tafheem | Glossary | Verbs
Other resources: Maarif | Dawat 

 Surah Al-Baqarah 2:211-216 [26/40]
  
|
Intro
 
Display
|
Recite
|
Display Options [
V1 /
V2 /
V3 /
Book /
S1 /
S2 /
En /
Ar |
W
]
Section
Verse Summary -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
سَلْAsk
بَنِىٓ(the) Children
إِسْرَٲٓءِيلَ(of) Israel,
كَمْhow many
ءَاتَيْنَـٰهُمWe gave them
مِّنْof
ءَايَةِۭ بَيِّنَةٍ‌ۗ(the) clear Sign(s).
وَمَنAnd whoever
يُبَدِّلْchanges
نِعْمَةَFavor
ٱللَّهِ(of) Allah
مِنۢ بَعْدِafter
مَا[what]
جَآءَتْهُit (has) come to him -
فَإِنَّthen indeed,
ٱللَّهَAllah
شَدِيدُ(is) severe
ٱلْعِقَابِin [the] chastising.
﴿٢١١﴾
زُيِّنَBeautified
لِلَّذِينَfor those who
كَفَرُواْdisbelieve[d]
ٱلْحَيَوٲةُ(is) the life
ٱلدُّنْيَا(of) the world,
وَيَسْخَرُونَand they ridicule
مِنَ[of]
ٱلَّذِينَthose who
ءَامَنُواْ‌ۘbelieve[d].
وَٱلَّذِينَAnd those who
ٱتَّقَوْاْfear (Allah),
فَوْقَهُمْ(they will be) above them
يَوْمَ(on the) Day
ٱلْقِيَـٰمَةِ‌ۗ(of) Resurrection.
وَٱللَّهُAnd Allah
يَرْزُقُprovides
مَنwhom
يَشَآءُHe wills
بِغَيْرِwithout
حِسَابٍmeasure.
﴿٢١٢﴾
كَانَWas
ٱلنَّاسُmankind
أُمَّةًa community
وَٲحِدَةًsingle,
فَبَعَثَ ٱللَّهُthen Allah raised up
ٱلنَّبِيِّــۧنَ[the] Prophets
مُبَشِّرِينَ(as) bearers of glad tidings
وَمُنذِرِينَand (as) warners,
وَأَنزَلَand sent down
مَعَهُمُwith them
ٱلْكِتَـٰبَthe Book
بِٱلْحَقِّin [the] truth
لِيَحْكُمَto judge
بَيْنَbetween
ٱلنَّاسِ[the] people
فِيمَاin what
ٱخْتَلَفُواْthey differed
فِيهِ‌ۚ[in it].
وَمَاAnd (did) not
ٱخْتَلَفَdiffer[ed]
فِيهِin it
إِلَّاexcept
ٱلَّذِينَthose who
أُوتُوهُwere given it
مِنۢ بَعْدِafter
مَا[what]
جَآءَتْهُمُcame to them
ٱلْبَيِّنَـٰتُthe clear proofs,
بَغْيَۢا(out of) jealousy
بَيْنَهُمْ‌ۖamong themselves.
فَهَدَى ٱللَّهُAnd Allah guided
ٱلَّذِينَthose who
ءَامَنُواْbelieve[d]
لِمَاregarding what
ٱخْتَلَفُواْthey differed
فِيهِ[in it]
مِنَof
ٱلْحَقِّthe Truth
بِإِذْنِهِۦ‌ۗwith His permission.
وَٱللَّهُAnd Allah
يَهْدِىguides
مَنwhom
يَشَآءُHe wills
إِلَىٰto
صِرَٲطٍ مُّسْتَقِيمٍa straight path.
﴿٢١٣﴾
أَمْOr
حَسِبْتُمْ(do) you think
أَنthat
تَدْخُلُواْyou will enter
ٱلْجَنَّةَParadise
وَلَمَّاwhile not
يَأْتِكُم(has) come to you
مَّثَلُlike (came to)
ٱلَّذِينَthose who
خَلَوْاْpassed away
مِن قَبْلِكُم‌ۖbefore you?
مَّسَّتْهُمُTouched them
ٱلْبَأْسَآءُ[the] adversity
وَٱلضَّرَّآءُand [the] hardship,
وَزُلْزِلُواْand they were shaken
حَتَّىٰuntil
يَقُولَsaid
ٱلرَّسُولُthe Messenger
وَٱلَّذِينَand those who
ءَامَنُواْbelieved
مَعَهُۥwith him,
مَتَىٰ`When
نَصْرُ ٱللَّهِ‌ۗ(will) Allah`s help (come)?`
أَلَآUnquestionably,
إِنَّ[Indeed]
نَصْرَhelp
ٱللَّهِ(of) Allah
قَرِيبٌ(is) near.
﴿٢١٤﴾
يَسْــَٔلُونَكَThey ask you
مَاذَاwhat
يُنفِقُونَ‌ۖthey (should) spend.
قُلْSay,
مَآ`Whatever
أَنفَقْتُمyou spend
مِّنْof
خَيْرٍgood,
فَلِلْوَٲلِدَيْنِ(is) for parents,
وَٱلْأَقْرَبِينَand the relatives,
وَٱلْيَتَـٰمَىٰand the orphans,
وَٱلْمَسَـٰكِينِand the needy,
وَٱبْنِ ٱلسَّبِيلِ‌ۗand the wayfarer.
وَمَاAnd whatever
تَفْعَلُواْyou do
مِنْof
خَيْرٍgood.
فَإِنَّSo indeed,
ٱللَّهَAllah
بِهِۦof it
عَلِيمٌ(is) All-Aware.
﴿٢١٥﴾
كُتِبَIs prescribed
عَلَيْكُمُupon you
ٱلْقِتَالُ[the] fighting
وَهُوَwhile it
كُرْهٌ(is) hateful
لَّكُمْ‌ۖto you.
وَعَسَىٰٓBut perhaps
أَن[that]
تَكْرَهُواْyou dislike
شَيْــًٔاa thing
وَهُوَand it
خَيْرٌ(is) good
لَّكُمْ‌ۖfor you;
وَعَسَىٰٓand perhaps
أَن[that]
تُحِبُّواْyou love
شَيْــًٔاa thing
وَهُوَand it
شَرٌّ(is) bad
لَّكُمْ‌ۗfor you.
وَٱللَّهُAnd Allah
يَعْلَمُknows
وَأَنتُمْwhile you
لَا تَعْلَمُونَ(do) not know.
﴿٢١٦﴾


سَلۡ بَنِىۡٓ اِسۡرَآءِيۡلَ كَمۡ اٰتَيۡنٰهُمۡ مِّنۡ اٰيَةٍۢ بَيِّنَةٍ ​ؕ وَمَنۡ يُّبَدِّلۡ نِعۡمَةَ اللّٰهِ مِنۡۢ بَعۡدِ مَا جَآءَتۡهُ فَاِنَّ اللّٰهَ شَدِيۡدُ الۡعِقَابِ‏  زُيِّنَ لِلَّذِيۡنَ كَفَرُوا الۡحَيٰوةُ الدُّنۡيَا وَيَسۡخَرُوۡنَ مِنَ الَّذِيۡنَ اٰمَنُوۡا ​ ۘ وَالَّذِيۡنَ اتَّقَوۡا فَوۡقَهُمۡ يَوۡمَ الۡقِيٰمَةِ ؕ وَاللّٰهُ يَرۡزُقُ مَنۡ يَّشَآءُ بِغَيۡرِ حِسَابٍ‏  كَانَ النَّاسُ اُمَّةً وَّاحِدَةً  فَبَعَثَ اللّٰهُ النَّبِيّٖنَ مُبَشِّرِيۡنَ وَمُنۡذِرِيۡنَ وَاَنۡزَلَ مَعَهُمُ الۡكِتٰبَ بِالۡحَـقِّ لِيَحۡكُمَ بَيۡنَ النَّاسِ فِيۡمَا اخۡتَلَفُوۡا فِيۡهِ ​ؕ وَمَا اخۡتَلَفَ فِيۡهِ اِلَّا الَّذِيۡنَ اُوۡتُوۡهُ مِنۡۢ بَعۡدِ مَا جَآءَتۡهُمُ الۡبَيِّنٰتُ بَغۡيًا ۢ بَيۡنَهُمۡ​ۚ فَهَدَى اللّٰهُ الَّذِيۡنَ اٰمَنُوۡا لِمَا اخۡتَلَفُوۡا فِيۡهِ مِنَ الۡحَـقِّ بِاِذۡنِهٖ​ ؕ وَاللّٰهُ يَهۡدِىۡ مَنۡ يَّشَآءُ اِلٰى صِرَاطٍ مُّسۡتَقِيۡمٍ‏  اَمۡ حَسِبۡتُمۡ اَنۡ تَدۡخُلُوا الۡجَـنَّةَ وَ لَمَّا يَاۡتِكُمۡ مَّثَلُ الَّذِيۡنَ خَلَوۡا مِنۡ قَبۡلِكُمۡؕ مَسَّتۡهُمُ الۡبَاۡسَآءُ وَالضَّرَّآءُ وَزُلۡزِلُوۡا حَتّٰى يَقُوۡلَ الرَّسُوۡلُ وَالَّذِيۡنَ اٰمَنُوۡا مَعَهٗ مَتٰى نَصۡرُ اللّٰهِؕ اَلَاۤ اِنَّ نَصۡرَ اللّٰهِ قَرِيۡبٌ‏  يَسۡـئَلُوۡنَكَ مَاذَا يُنۡفِقُوۡنَ ؕ قُلۡ مَآ اَنۡفَقۡتُمۡ مِّنۡ خَيۡرٍ فَلِلۡوَالِدَيۡنِ وَالۡاَقۡرَبِيۡنَ وَالۡيَتٰمٰى وَالۡمَسٰكِيۡنِ وَابۡنِ السَّبِيۡلِ​ؕ وَمَا تَفۡعَلُوۡا مِنۡ خَيۡرٍ فَاِنَّ اللّٰهَ بِهٖ عَلِيۡمٌ‏  كُتِبَ عَلَيۡکُمُ الۡقِتَالُ وَهُوَ كُرۡهٌ لَّـكُمۡ​ۚ وَعَسٰۤى اَنۡ تَكۡرَهُوۡا شَيۡـئًا وَّهُوَ خَيۡرٌ لَّـکُمۡ​ۚ وَعَسٰۤى اَنۡ تُحِبُّوۡا شَيۡـئًا وَّهُوَ شَرٌّ لَّـكُمۡؕ وَاللّٰهُ يَعۡلَمُ وَاَنۡـتُمۡ لَا تَعۡلَمُوۡنَ‏ 
(2:211) Ask the Children of Israel how many Clear Signs We gave them! And when a people tamper with Allah’s bounty after it has been bestowed on them – then indeed Allah is severe in punishment.229 (2:212) Worldly life has been made attractive to those who have denied the Truth. Such men deride the men of faith, but the pious shall rank higher than them on the Day of Resurrection. As for worldly livelihood, Allah grants it to whomsoever He wills without measure. (2:213) In the beginning mankind followed one single way. (Later on this state ended and differences arose.) Then Allah sent forth Prophets as heralds of good tidings for the righteous and as warners against the consequences of evil-doing. He sent down with them the Book embodying the Truth so that it might judge among people in their disputes. And those who innovated divergent ways rather than follow the Truth were none other than those who had received the knowledge of the Truth and clear guidance; and they did so to commit excesses against each other.230 So by His leave Allah directed the believers to the Right Way in matters on which they disagreed. Allah guides whomsoever He wills onto a Straight Way. (2:214) Do you suppose231 that you will enter Paradise untouched by the suffering endured by the people of faith who passed away before you? They were afflicted by misery and hardship and were so convulsed that the Messenger and the believers with him cried out: “When will Allah’s help arrive?” They were assured: “Behold, Allah’s help is close by.” (2:215) People ask you what they should spend. Say: “Whatever wealth you spend let it be for your parents and kinsmen, the orphans, the needy and the wayfarer; Allah is aware of whatever good you do.” (2:216) Fighting is ordained upon you and it is disliked by you; it may well be that you dislike a thing even though it is good for you, and it may well be that you like a thing even though it is bad for you. Allah knows and you do not know.

229. There are two reasons why this query is addressed to the Children of Israel. In the first place, a group of living human beings provide a better source of instruction and admonition than mute archaeological findings. In the second place, the Israelites were a people who, having been endowed with Scripture and prophethood, were entrusted with the leadership of the world. By falling prey to worldliness, hypocrisy and other errors of belief and conduct they subsequently lost God's favour. A people entrusted with the task of universal leadership could derive no better lesson from another people than this one.

230. When ignorant people attempt to trace the history of 'religion' they tend to the view that man began his life in the darkness of polytheisrn and that in the course of time, corresponding to man's progress, this darkness gradually receded and light increased till man arrived at monotheism.

The Qur'anic version, however, proclaims that man began his life in full light of the Truth. God revealed this Truth to the very first man He created, one to whom He intimated the right way of life for man. Thereafter the human race remained on the Right Way for some time and lived as one community. Later, however, people invented deviating ways. This did not happen because Truth had not been communicated to them. The cause was rather that some people wilfully sought to acquire privileges, benefits and advantages beyond their legitimate limits, and thus subjected others to injustices. It was in order to enable people to overcome this corruption that God sent His Prophets. These Prophets were not sent to found separate religions in their own names and bring new religious communities into existence. Rather the purpose of the Prophets was to illuminate before people the Truth which they had allowed to be lost, and once again make them into one community.

231. In between this verse and the one above comes a whole story which has been left untold, a story which is alluded to in the present verse and which is mentioned in some detail in the Makkan surahs of the Qur'an (these were revealed earlier than the present surah). The point emphasized here is that whenever the Prophets came into the world they, and their followers, were confronted with severe resistance from those in rebellion against God. At grave risk to themselves they strove to establish the hegemony of the true religion over the false ways of life. To follow this religion has, therefore, never been easy; it is not merely a matter of declaring one's faith and then sitting back in ease and comfort. On the contrary, the profession of faith has always demanded that one should strive to establish the religion, which one has adopted as one's faith, as a living reality and that one should spare no effort in undermining the power of the Devil who seeks to resist it.