(16:111) Allah's judgement will come about them all on the Day when everyone
shall come pleading in his defence, and everyone shall be fully requited for
his deeds and none shall be wronged in the least.
يَوۡمَ تَاۡتِىۡ كُلُّ نَفۡسٍ تُجَادِلُ عَنۡ نَّفۡسِهَا وَتُوَفّٰى كُلُّ نَفۡسٍ
مَّا عَمِلَتۡ وَهُمۡ لَا يُظۡلَمُوۡنَ
(16:112) Allah sets forth the parable of (the people of) a town who were
secure and content and whose sustenance came in abundance from every quarter.
But then the people of the town showed ingratitude towards Allah for His bounties,
so Allah afflicted them with hunger and fear in punishment for their evil deeds.
وَضَرَبَ اللّٰهُ مَثَلًا قَرۡيَةً كَانَتۡ اٰمِنَةً مُّطۡمَٮِٕنَّةً يَّاۡتِيۡهَا
رِزۡقُهَا رَغَدًا مِّنۡ كُلِّ مَكَانٍ فَكَفَرَتۡ بِاَنۡعُمِ اللّٰهِ فَاَذَاقَهَا
اللّٰهُ لِبَاسَ الۡجُـوۡعِ وَالۡخَـوۡفِ بِمَا كَانُوۡا يَصۡنَعُوۡنَ
(16:113) Most certainly a Messenger came to them from among them; but they
rejected him, calling him a liar. Therefore chastisement seized them while they
engaged in wrong-doing.112 وَلَـقَدۡ جَآءَهُمۡ رَسُوۡلٌ مِّنۡهُمۡ فَكَذَّبُوۡهُ فَاَخَذَهُمُ الۡعَذَابُ
(16:114) So eat out of the lawful and good sustenance that Allah has bestowed
upon you, and thank Allah for His bounty,113 if it is Him that you
serve.114 فَكُلُوۡا مِمَّا رَزَقَكُمُ اللّٰهُ حَلٰلًا طَيِّبًا وَّاشۡكُرُوۡا نِعۡمَتَ
اللّٰهِ اِنۡ كُنۡـتُمۡ اِيَّاهُ تَعۡبُدُوۡنَ
(16:115) Allah has forbidden you only carrion, and blood, and the flesh of
swine; also any animal over which the name of any other than Allah has been
pronounced. But whoever eats of them under compelling necessity - neither desiring
it nor exceeding the limit of absolute necessity - surely for such action Allah
is Much Forgiving, Most Merciful.115 اِنَّمَا حَرَّمَ عَلَيۡكُمُ الۡمَيۡتَةَ وَ الدَّمَ وَلَحۡمَ الۡخِنۡزِيۡرِ
وَمَاۤ اُهِلَّ لِغَيۡرِ اللّٰهِ بِهٖۚ فَمَنِ اضۡطُرَّ غَيۡرَ بَاغٍ وَّلَا عَادٍ
فَاِنَّ اللّٰهَ غَفُوۡرٌ رَّحِيۡمٌ
(16:116) And do not utter falsehoods by letting your tongues declare: "This
is lawful"116 and "That is unlawful," thus fabricating lies against
Allah. Surely those who fabricate lies against Allah will never prosper.
وَلَا تَقُوۡلُوۡا لِمَا تَصِفُ اَلۡسِنَـتُكُمُ الۡكَذِبَ هٰذَا حَلٰلٌ وَّهٰذَا
حَرَامٌ لِّـتَفۡتَرُوۡا عَلَى اللّٰهِ الۡكَذِبَؕ اِنَّ الَّذِيۡنَ يَفۡتَرُوۡنَ
عَلَى اللّٰهِ الۡكَذِبَ لَا يُفۡلِحُوۡنَؕ
(16:117) Brief is their enjoyment of the world, and thereafter they shall
suffer a painful chastisement.
مَتَاعٌ قَلِيۡلٌ وَّلَهُمۡ عَذَابٌ اَلِيۡمٌ
(16:118) We have already recounted to you118 what We prohibited117
to the Jews. In so doing We did not wrong them; it is they who wronged themselves.
وَعَلَى الَّذِيۡنَ هَادُوۡا حَرَّمۡنَا مَا قَصَصۡنَا عَلَيۡكَ مِنۡ قَبۡلُۚ
وَمَا ظَلَمۡنٰهُمۡ وَلٰـكِنۡ كَانُوۡۤا اَنۡفُسَهُمۡ يَظۡلِمُوۡنَ
(16:119) But to those who commit evil out of ignorance and then repent and
amend their ways, thereafter your Lord will be Much Forgiving, Most Merciful.
ثُمَّ اِنَّ رَبَّكَ لِلَّذِيۡنَ عَمِلُوا السُّوۡۤءَ بِجَهَالَةٍ ثُمَّ تَابُوۡا
مِنۡۢ بَعۡدِ ذٰ لِكَ وَاَصۡلَحُوۡۤا ۙ اِنَّ رَبَّكَ مِنۡۢ بَعۡدِهَا لَغَفُوۡرٌ رَّحِيۡمٌ
112. That habitation has not been specified here nor have the commentators
definitely pointed out which that habitation was. However, there is a saying
of Ibn Abbas (which seems to be correct) that the place referred to is Makkah
itself. In that case, hunger and fear will mean the famine which prevailed over
the people of Makkah for several years during the Prophethood of Muhammad (peace
be upon him).
113. This shows that the above mentioned famine had come to an end at the
time of the revelation of this Surah.
114. Here the observation of the lawful and the unlawful has been made the
test of worship of Allah. Those who claim to be the servants of Allah will eat
what is lawful and pure and show gratitude to Him and will scrupulously refrain
from what is forbidden and impure.
116. This verse clearly shows that none but Allah has the right to declare
a thing to be lawful or unlawful. Or, in other words, the right of making laws
exclusively rests with Allah. Therefore, any person who will dare to decide
about the lawful and the unlawful will transgress his powers. Of course, a person,
who acknowledges the divine law as the final authority, may deduce from it whether
a certain thing or action is lawful or unlawful.
The arrogation of the right of determining the lawful and the unlawful has
been declared to be a falsehood on Allah for two reasons:
(1) Such a person, so to say, claims that what he declares to be lawful or
unlawful, disregarding the authority of the divine Book, has been made lawful
or unlawful by God.
(2) He means to claim that Allah has given up the authority of making lawful
and unlawful and has thus left man free to make his own laws for the conduct
of life. It is obvious that each of these claims will be a falsehood and a false
imputation to Allah.
118. This refers to: “And We prohibited all animals with claws to those people
who had adopted Judaism.”
(Surah Al-Anaam, Ayat 146). In this
(verse 118) Allah
has stated that certain things were made unlawful because of the disobedience
of the Jews.
Here a question arises. Which of the two Surahs, Al-Anaam or An-Nahl, was
first revealed? This is because in
(verse 118), a reference has been made to
(verse 146 of Al-Anaam). Also in
(verse 119 of Al-Anaam): “And why should you not eat
that thing over which Allah’s name has been mentioned, when He has already given
you a detail of those things that have been declared to be unlawful for you
except in case of extremity?” a reference has been made to
(verse 115 of An- Nahl).
This is because these are the only two Makki Surahs in which details of unlawful
things have been given. As regards to the question, we are of the opinion that
An-NahI was revealed earlier than Al-Anaam, for
(verse 119 )of the latter contains
a reference to( verse 115) of the former. It appears that after the revelation
of Surah Al-Anaam, the disbelievers raised objections in regard to these verses
of An-Nahl. So they were referred to
(verse 146 of Al-Anaam) in which a few things
were made unlawful, especially for the Jews. As this answer concerned An-Nahl,
(verse 118), though it was revealed after the revelation of Al-Anaam, was inserted
as a parenthetical clause in An-Nahl.
119. “Abraham was a whole community by himself” for at that time he was the
only Muslim in the whole world who was upholding the banner of Islam, while
the rest of the world was upholding the banner of unbelief. As that servant
of Allah performed the mission which is ordinarily carried out by a whole community,
he was not one person but an institution in himself.