In the name of Allah, the Merciful, the Compassionate
بِسۡمِ اللهِ الرَّحۡمٰنِ الرَّحِيۡمِ
(84:1) When the sky is rent asunder
اِذَا السَّمَآءُ انْشَقَّتۡۙ
(84:2) and hearkens to the command1 of its Lord, doing what it
وَاَذِنَتۡ لِرَبِّهَا وَحُقَّتۡۙ
(84:3) and when the earth is stretched out2 وَاِذَا الۡاَرۡضُ مُدَّتۡؕ
(84:4) and casts out what is within it and is emptied,3 وَاَلۡقَتۡ مَا فِيۡهَا وَتَخَلَّتۡۙ
(84:5) and hearkens to the command of its Lord, doing what it should.4 وَاَذِنَتۡ لِرَبِّهَا وَحُقَّتۡؕ
(84:6) O man, you are striving unto your Lord5 and you will meet
يٰۤاَيُّهَا الۡاِنۡسَانُ اِنَّكَ كَادِحٌ اِلٰى رَبِّكَ كَدۡحًا فَمُلٰقِيۡهِۚ
(84:7) Whoever is given the Record in his right hand
فَاَمَّا مَنۡ اُوۡتِىَ كِتٰبَهٗ بِيَمِيۡنِهٖۙ
(84:8) shall be called to an easy accounting,6 فَسَوۡفَ يُحَاسَبُ حِسَابًا يَّسِيۡرًا ۙ
(84:9) and shall return to his people joyfully.7 وَّيَنۡقَلِبُ اِلٰٓى اَهۡلِهٖ مَسۡرُوۡرًا ؕ
(84:10) But he who is given the Record behind his back,8 وَاَمَّا مَنۡ اُوۡتِىَ كِتٰبَهٗ وَرَآءَ ظَهۡرِهٖۙ
(84:11) shall cry for “perdition,”
فَسَوۡفَ يَدۡعُوۡا ثُبُوۡرًا ۙ
(84:12) and will enter the Blazing Fire.
وَّيَصۡلٰى سَعِيۡرًا ؕ
(84:13) He used to live joyfully among his people,9 اِنَّهٗ كَانَ فِىۡۤ اَهۡلِهٖ مَسۡرُوۡرًا ؕ
(84:14) thinking he would never revert (to Us).
اِنَّهٗ ظَنَّ اَنۡ لَّنۡ يَّحُوۡرَ ۛۚ
(84:15) But no; (how would he not revert)? His Lord was ever watching him.10 بَلٰٓى ۛۚ اِنَّ رَبَّهٗ كَانَ بِهٖ بَصِيۡرًا ؕ
(84:16) Nay; I swear by the twilight;
فَلَاۤ اُقۡسِمُ بِالشَّفَقِۙ
(84:17) and by the night and what it enfolds,
وَالَّيۡلِ وَمَا وَسَقَۙ
(84:18) and by the moon, when it reaches its fullness:
وَالۡقَمَرِ اِذَا اتَّسَقَۙ
(84:19) you shall proceed onwards from stage to stage.11 لَتَرۡكَبُنَّ طَبَقًا عَنۡ طَبَقٍؕ
(84:20) So, what is the matter with them that they do not believe,
فَمَا لَهُمۡ لَا يُؤۡمِنُوۡنَۙ
(84:21) and when the Qur'an is recited to them, they do not prostrate12
وَاِذَا قُرِئَ عَلَيۡهِمُ الۡقُرۡاٰنُ لَا يَسۡجُدُوۡنَ ؕ ۩
(84:22) Instead, the unbelievers reject it, calling it a lie.
بَلِ الَّذِيۡنَ كَفَرُوۡا يُكَذِّبُوۡنَ ۖ
(84:23) Allah knows best what they are accumulating (in their Record).13 وَاللّٰهُ اَعۡلَمُ بِمَا يُوۡعُوۡنَ ۖ
(84:24) So give them the good news of a painful chastisement,
فَبَشِّرۡهُمۡ بِعَذَابٍ اَلِيۡمٍۙ
(84:25) except for those who believe and do good deeds. Theirs shall be an
اِلَّا الَّذِيۡنَ اٰمَنُوۡا وَعَمِلُوا الصّٰلِحٰتِ لَهُمۡ اَجۡرٌ غَيۡرُ مَمۡنُوۡنٍ
1. Literally: And listens its Lord’s command. However, according to Arabic
usage adhina lahu does not only mean: He heard the command but it means: Hearing
the command he carried it out promptly like an obedient servant.
2. When the earth is stretched out: when the oceans and rivers are filled
up, the mountains are crushed to pieces and scattered away, and the earth is
leveled and turned into a smooth plain. In Surah TaHa, the same thing has been
expressed, thus: He will turn the earth into an empty level plain, wherein you
will neither see any curve nor crease. (verses 106-107). Hakim in Mustadrak
has related through authentic channels on the authority of Jabir bin Abdullah
a saying of the Prophet (peace be upon him) to the effect: On the Resurrection
Day the earth will be flattened out and spread out like the table-cloth; then
there will hardly be room on it for men to place their feet. To understand this
saying one should keep in mind the fact that on that Day all men who will have
been born from the first day of creation till Resurrection, will be resurrected
simultaneously and produced in the divine court. For gathering together such
a great multitude of the people it is inevitable that the oceans, rivers, mountains,
jungles, ravines and all high and low areas be leveled and the entire globe
of the earth be turned into a vast plain so that all individuals of human race
may have room on it to stand on their feet.
3. That is, it will throw out all dead bodies of men and also the traces and
evidences of their deeds lying within it, so that nothing remains hidden and
buried in it.
4. Here, it has not been expressly told what will happen when such and such
an event takes place, for the subsequent theme by itself explains this, as if
to say: O man, you are moving towards your Lord and are about to meet Him; you
will be given your conduct book; and rewarded or punished according to your
5. That is, "You may if you so like think that all your efforts and endeavors
in the world are confined to worldly life and motivated by worldly desires,
yet the truth is that you are moving, consciously or unconsciously, towards
your Lord and you have ultimately to appear before Him in any case.
6. That is, his reckoning will be less severe. He will not be asked why he
had done such and such a thing and what excuses he had to offer for it. Though
his evil deeds will also be there along with his good deeds in his records,
his errors will be overlooked and pardoned in view of his outweighing good deeds.
In the Quran, for the severe reckoning of the wicked people the words su-al-hisab
(heavy reckoning) have been used (Surah Ar-Raad, Ayat 181), and concerning the
righteous it has been said: From such people, We accept the best of their deeds
and overlook their evils. (Surah Al- Ahqaf, Ayat 16). The explanation of it
given by the Prophet (peace be upon him) has been related in different words
by lmam Ahmad Bukhari, Muslim, Tirmidhi, Nasai, Abu Daud, Hakim, Ibn Jarir,
Abd bin Humaid, and Ibn Marduyah on the authority of Aishah. According to one
of these traditions the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: Doomed will be he
who is called to account for his deeds. Aishah said: O Messenger of Allah, has
not Allah said: He whose record is given in his right hand shall have an easy
reckoning? The Prophet (peace be upon him) replied: That is only about the presentation
of the deeds, but the one who is questioned would be doomed. In another tradition
Aishah has related: I once heard the Prophet (peace be upon him) supplicate
during the prayer, thus: O God, call me to a light reckoning. When he brought
his Prayer to conclusion, I asked what he meant by that supplication. He replied:
Light reckoning means that one’s conduct book will be seen and one’s errors
will be overlooked. O Aishah, the one who is called to account for his deeds
on that Day, would be doomed.
7. His kinsfolk: his family and relatives and companions who will have been
pardoned even like himself.
8. In( Surah Al-Haaqqah, Ayat 25), it was said that his record will be given
to him in his left hand but here behind his back. This will probably be for
the reason that he would already have lost all hopes that he would be given
his record in his right hand, for he would be well aware of his misdeeds and
sure to receive his record in his left hand. However, in order to avoid the
humiliation of receiving it in the left hand, in front of all mankind, he will
withdraw his hand behind and so would receive it behind his back.
9. That is, his way of life was different from that of God’s righteous men,
about whom in(Surah At-Toor, Ayat 26), it has been said that they lived among
their kinsfolk in fear and dread of God, i.e. they fear lest they should ruin
their own Hereafter on account of their absorption in the love of children and
endeavors for the sake of their well-being and prosperity in the world. On the
contrary, this man lived a life free from every care and worry and also helped
his children and kinsfolk to enjoy life fully, no matter what wicked and immoral
methods he had to use to procure the means of enjoyment, how he had to usurp
the rights of others and transgress the bounds set by Allah for the sake of
the worldly pleasures.
10. That is, it was against God’s justice and His wisdom that He should overlook
the misdeeds that he was committing and should not summon him before Himself
to render his account of the deeds.
11. That is, you will not remain in one and the same state, but will have
to pass through countless stages gradually, from youth to old age, from old
age to death, from death to barzakh (the intermediary state between death and
Resurrection), from barzakh to Resurrection, from Resurrection to the Plain
of Assembly, then to the Reckoning, and then to the meting out of rewards and
punishments. An oath has been sworn by three things to confine this:
(2) By the darkness of night and the gathering together in it
of all those human beings and animals who remain scattered in the day time.
(3) By the moon’s passing through different phases to become full. These are
some of those things which testify that rest and stillness is unknown in the
universe in which man lives. There is a continuous and gradual change taking
place everywhere. Therefore, the disbelievers are wrong in thinking that life
comes to an end after man has breathed his last.
12. They do not fall prostrate: they do not bow down to God out of fear of
Him. To perform a sajdah (prostration) here is confirmed by the practice of
the Prophet (peace be upon him). lmam Malik, Muslim and Nasai have related a
tradition concerning Abu Huraira saying that he recited this Surah in the Prayer
and performing a sajdah here and said: The Prophet (peace be upon him) performed
a sajdah at this point. Bukhari, Muslim, Abu Daud and Nasai have cited this
statement of Abu Rafi: Abu Huraira recited this Surah in the Isha Prayer and
performed a sajdah. When I asked why he had done so, he replied: I prayed under
the leadership of Abul Qasim (peace be upon him) and he performed a sajdah here.
Therefore, I will continue to perform this sajdah likewise as long as I live.
Muslim, Abu Daud, Tirmidhi, Nasai, Ibn Majah and others have related another
tradition saying that Abu Huraira said: We performed sajdah behind the Messenger
(peace be upon him) of Allah in this Surah and in Iqra bi-ismi Rabbikalladhi
13 Another meaning can also be: Allah knows best what disbelief, malice,
hostility to the truth and evil intentions and designs they keep in their breasts.