Hajj and Umrah (Pilgrimage)
Table of Contents
In Arabic the word `Umrah is derived from I`timar which means a visit. However, `Umrah technically means paying a visit to Ka`bah, performing Tawaf [Circumambulation] around it, walking between Safa and Marwah seven times. A performer of `Umrah puts off his Ihram by having his hair shaved or cut.
[Below contents were copied from relevant steps related to Hajj applied while performing Umrah- Web. Admin]
Making Hajj only in the prescribed months of Hajj
1. Starting Ihram and Reaching Miqat
If you are traveling by air or sea you have
(b) put on Ihram on the flight/ship before passing over the Miqat
Before you take your flight or any means of transportation, you should make a general cleanup getting ready for Ihram state:
Clipping nails, shaving underarm and pubic hair, and trimming mustache.
Take a shower and wash your body.
Warning: Jeddah according to Sunnah is not Miqat. If you reach it without Ihram you should go to the nearest Miqat or slaughter an animal.
It is time to learn Talbiyah. You will need it soon.
"Labbayk Allahumma Labbayk, Labbayk la sharika laka Labbayk, Innal hamda wanni'mata laka walmulk La sharika lak"
"O my Lord, Here I am at Your
service, Here I am.
As you intend to make Tamattu' say: (I am responding to You, my Lord, by 'Umrah with Tamattu' till Hajj.)
When you reach the Miqat, make a whole body cleanup if you did not do so before leaving home.
It is recommended to put on Ihram clothes after one of the 5 regular prayers.
Take off all your normal clothes.
Put on the 2 clean, white seamless garments, and put on any sandals that do not reach your ankles without any socks.
Only men should take off their underwear.
Women put on any regular decent dress without any specific color. The dress should leave the face and the hands uncovered.
Warning: If you pass Miqat without Ihram you have to go back to the nearest Miqat to put on Ihram or you have to make a sacrifice.
2. Making Tawaf
Circle the Ka'bah 7 times.
Start circling from the black stone by kissing or touching, or pointing to it and make takbeer (Allah Akbar) each time you come to it.
While making tawaf, recite any du'a' or make Dhikr, then end each round at the black stone.
Between Rukn Yamani and the black stone say this du'a':
When you finish the 7 rounds, pray 2 rak'at behind Maqam Ibrahim if possible.
Drink from the water of Zamzam.
The Ka'bah should be on the left hand.
You can make Tawaf on any of the 3 floors, the ground, the first floor, or the roof.
It is recommended for men only to increase their speed only in the first 3 rounds.
"Our Lord! Grant us goodness in this world and goodness in the hereafter, and protect us from the torment of the fire!."
If it is not possible, pray anywhere in the mosque while facing the Ka'bah.
Warning: When you circle the Ka'bah do not go through Hijr Isma'il.
Do not push any pilgrim whatever the reason.
3. Making Sa'ee
Go to the Safa and Marwah area.
Praise Allah and make Takbeer 3 time make du'a'.
Descend from Safa and walk between the 2 hills (Safa and Marwah) at a normal speed.
Mention the name of Allah, recite Qur'an, and make du'a' while walking.
Ascend the hill of Marwah and make the same du'a' made at Safa.
Repeat steps 1 and 2 until you finish 7 rounds. Make du'a' and praise Almighty Allah.
4. Slaughtering/ Cutting Hair